Verben, denen ein Infinitiv folgt

Auf viele Verben folgt oder kann ein zweites Verb im Infinitiv folgen. Die folgenden Verben stehen alle vor einem 'to-infinitive'. Mit einem Stern gekennzeichnete Verben können auch vor einer that-Wendung stehen. Mit zwei Sternen gekennzeichnete Verben können nur vor einer that-Wendung stehen, wenn das Subjekt des Hauptverbs "it" ist.

Verben, auf die ein Infinitiv folgt

afford agree* aim appear** arrange* bother care
claim* condescend consent decide* demand* determine* endeavour
fail guarantee* happen* hasten have (= be obliged) hesitate hope*
learn long manage offer prepare pretend* proceed
promise* propose prove (= turn out) refuse resolve* seek seem**
strive swear* tend threaten* trouble undertake volunteer
  • I hope to see you next week.
  • I hope that I'll see you next week.
  • He claimed to be an expert.
  • He claimed that she was an expert.
  • I managed to reach the top of the hill.
  • Would you care to swim?
  • It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
  • He appeared to be lost.
  • It seems that she is running late.
  • She seems to be running late.

Verben, auf die ein Nomen + Infinitiv folgt

accustom aid appoint assist cause challenge command*
defy direct* drive empower enable encourage entice
entitle entreat force get implore* incite induce
inspire instruct* invite lead leave (= make someone responsible) oblige order*
persuade* press prompt provoke remind* require* stimulate
summon teach tell tempt trust* warn*  
  • The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
  • This law empowers the government to charge higher taxes.
  • You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
  • I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
  • What inspired you to write this poem?
Verben ohne Nomen vor einer that-Wendung

Manchmal, wenn eine that-Wendung auf ein Verb folgt, steht davor kein Nomen, obwohl eines vor dem Infinitiv steht. Dies ist der Fall für die Verben command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require & trust.

  • I trust you to tell the truth.
  • I trust that you are telling the truth.
  • The general commanded his men to surrender.
  • The general commanded that his men surrender.
Verben mit einem Nomen vor einer that-Wendung

Andere Verben brauchen ein Nomen, wenn auf sie eine that-Wendung folgt. Dies gilt für die Verben persuade & remind.

  • You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
  • You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
  • He reminded me to take my notebook to school.
  • He reminded me that I would need my notebook.
Verben mit der Option auf ein Nomen gefolgt von einer that-Wendung

Dies gilt für die Verben instruct, teach & warn.

  • She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
  • She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
  • She taught that poetry was valuable.

Verben vor einem Infinitiv oder einem Nomen + Infinitiv

ask* beg* choose dare desire* elect expect*
help mean* (=intend) request* want wish*    
  • I asked him to show me the book.
  • I asked to see the book.
  • She helped me to put away the dishes.
  • She helped to put away the dishes.
  • We expect you to do your best in the exam.
  • We expect to do well on our exams.
  • Do you want to go to the beach?
  • Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
Der Gebrauch von 'to dare'

In negativen und Fragesätzen kann der Infinitiv mit oder ohne 'to' stehen, solange das Subjekt beider Verben dasselbe ist. Meistens wird aber 'to' weggelassen. Wenn das Subjekt unterschiedlich ist, muss 'to' stehen.

  • I never dared tell him what happened.
  • Do you dare tell him?
  • Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
  • I dare you to tell him the truth.
  • She dared me to jump off the wall.